Long-chain omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are indisputably essential to maintaining a healthy body. Multiple clinical trials have demonstrated that omega-3 fay acids play a pivotal role in early retinal and brain development, as well as in promoting cognitive and immune system functions and they have been linked to the prevention of cardiovascular disease amongst many other health problems. But a typical western diet is inadequate for supplying enough of the omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) that have been linked to numerous health benefits. As a result many consumers have turned to dietary supplements to make up the difference between what their bodies need and what their diets provide. Recent studies have suggested that not all omega-3s are equal. There are two primary sources for EPA and DHA: fish oil, which provides triglyceride omega-3s; and krill oil, which provides phospholipid omega-3s. Krill oil is extremely well tolerated, is certified sustainable, and its phospholipid omega-3s are more efficiently utilized by the body. Nanomega bonded both the high EPA/DHA Fishoil with the extremely well absorbed krill oil and enhanced the overall bioavailability beyond what seemed ever possible.
In krill oil the majority of the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA are bound to phospholipids. There are several different types of phospholipids, and EPA and DHA are particularly enriched in phosphatidylcholines (PC). A study of the contents of Nanomega krill fish oil has found EPA and DHA in most of the 69 identified choline-containing phospholipid classes.
In PC, two fatty acid chains are attached to a glycerol group that is connected to choline over a phosphate group (Figure 1). This structure allows the formation of phospholipid bilayer, which is essential to the formation of cell membranes in all existing life on earth. Dietary phospholipid carriers might help the efficient transport of omega-3 fatty acids through the body and subsequent integration into cell membranes (Figure 2).
As part of cell membranes, EPA and DHA have the ability to influence fluidity of the membranes, signaling processes, and metabolic parameters in the cell.